Bunions are an enlargement of the great toe joint on the feet that is usually associated with the deviation in the angle of the great toe or hallux. Bunions are very widespread. It may or may not be painful and it hardly ever appears good and almost always presents an issue for the fitting of footwear. They do tend to be hereditary and could be a result of using footwear which can be too restricted. They are more prevalent in women which could possibly be because of the choice of footwear. They could be painful within the joint as a result of arthritis like symptoms and they also is usually painful from pressure from the shoe on the bunion.
Can exercises help bunions? They might be able to, however they are unlikely to make the bony enlargement go away but they might help improve the angle of the big toe somewhat. The best way to make the bunion go away is with surgery. No amount of exercising is going to make that go away. The amount of pressure creating the bunion and resulting in the big toe or hallux to deviate way exceeds what any exercise is likely to undo. However, with that said, the exercises which you generally see recommended are still probably worth doing as they can help keep the joint mobile as well as flexible which is a beneficial thing. That improvement in the range of motion of the joint might go a long way to helping pain that often develops within the joint. The sort of bunion exercises that will be most useful are those that stretch and move the joints through its full range of movement in all directions. Often exercises to help strengthen the arch muscles of the feet may also be helpful. Even when surgical treatment is used, the exercises before and after the surgery will help with the rehabilitation.