Breast cancer is characterized by the growth of malignant tumors in the glandular tissues of the breast. Today, women are surviving breast cancer more than ever before. Over two million women are breast cancer survivors. With early detection and prompt and appropriate treatment, the outlook for women with breast cancer can be positive.
No one knows why some women develop breast cancer and others do not. Some of the main reasons for nipple discharge and breast cancer include familial or genetics, exposure to estrogen, demographic factors, nutrition and lifestyle, and smoking.
Symptoms of breast cancer are hardly noticeable when it first develops but as the cancer grows, it can cause changes that women should watch for. The most common symptom is an abnormal lump or swelling in the breast, but lumps may also appear beside the breast or under the arm.
Other symptoms may include unexplained breast pain, abnormal nipple discharge, changes in breast texture, or changes in the skin on or around the breast. During a clinical breast examination, the doctor checks the breasts for lumps or other changes that could be a sign of breast cancer.
The choice of treatment for breast cancer depends on a woman's age and general health, as well as the type, the stage, and location of the tumour.